2年前 (2017-07-15)  害虫防治研究 评论关闭  64 
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德国小蠊病原真菌传播及致病机制

林勇文1,2,陈燕玲3,王联德1,2

1福建农林大学植保学院昆虫生态实验室,福州350002;2农业部闽台作物有害生物综合治理重点实验室,福建 福州350002;3江西省贵溪市林业局

摘要:德国小蠊是一种全球性分布的卫生害虫,它们的活动给人类健康造成较大的影响。常用的德国小蠊防治药剂主要是化学农药,但已经产生较强的抗药性,这使得我们求助于生物农药。昆虫病原真菌就是一类比较重要的生物农药,国内外已有一些关于利用病原真菌防制德国小蠊的报道,但由于德国小蠊体内存在抗菌肽、共生真菌、细菌等,使得其自身的免疫能力较强。该文主要是针对昆虫病原真菌防制德国小蠊的种类、传播、侵染和致病机制的研究进展做一综述,讨论昆虫病原菌防制德国小蠊的未来研究方向,旨在为德国小蠊可持续治理提供科学依据。
关键词:德国小蠊;病原真菌;传播途径;致病机制

中图分类号:R384.9文献标志码:A 文章编号:1003-4692(2015)01-0100-04DOI:10.11853/j.issn.1003.4692.2015.01.029

Propagation and pathogenicity of entomogenous fungifor controlling Blattella germanica

LIN Yong-wen1,2, CHEN Yan-ling3, WANG Lian-de1,2
1Insect Ecology Lab,Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University,Fuzhou350002,Fujian Province, China;
2Key Laboratory of Integrated Pest Management of Fujian and Taiwan,Chinese Ministry of Agriculture,Fuzhou350002,Fujian Province, China; 3Guixi Forestry Bureau

Corresponding author: WANG Lian-de, Email: wang_liande@126.com

Supported by the Fujian Province Science and Technology Project(No. 2012N0006), the Finance Department of FujianProvince Agricultural Comprehensive Development Project(No. 2013[10]), and Specialized Research Fund for theDoctoral Program of Higher Education(No. 20123515110003)

Abstract:German cockroach,Blattella germanica, a globally distributed sanitary pest, has become a big threat to humanhealth. The commonly used pesticides againstB. germanicaare chemicals pesticides. However, the fact thatB. germanicahas developed resistance to such chemical pesticides turns our eyes to biopesticides. Entomogenous fungi are just animportant type of such biopesticides. The anti ?B. germanicaactivity of entomogenous fungi has already been studied.However, due to the existence of antibacterial peptides and endosymbionts,B. germanicashows great immunity toentomogenous fungi. In this paper, we review research advances in the species, propagation, infection, and pathogenicmechanism of entomogenous fungi for controllingB. germanicaand discuss its future direction, with the purpose ofproviding a scientific basis for sustainable management ofB. germanica.

Key words: Blattella germanica; Entomogenous fungus; Route of transmission; Pathogenic mechanism

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